So I have been working non-stop for days now. I have been juggling running an organization, completing a major project with the opening of the Black/Inside exhibition, and trying to live a life in between. It turns out that all of this activity can take a toll. I am going to take a few days off from blogging to recouperate. I should be back to regular posting next week.
I’ll leave you with a great video that my friend Jake Klippenstein filmed to preview the Black/Inside exhibition. If you haven’t yet had a chance to stop by to visit the exhibition, I hope that you will before November 21st.
The Masai warriors usually greet each other with “Kasserian Ingera” or “How are the children?” The traditional answer is “All the children are well.” I really like this greeting because it clearly underscores the priority that this culture puts on the well-being of its most vulnerable members.
The report is based on interviews and correspondence with more than 125 young people in 19 states who spent time in solitary confinement while under age 18, as well as with jail and/or prison officials in 10 states.
Human Rights Watch and the ACLU estimate that in 2011, more than 95,000 young people under age 18 were held in prisons and jails. A significant number of these facilities use solitary confinement – for days, weeks, months, or even years – to punish, protect, house, or treat some of the young people held there.
Because young people are still developing, traumatic experiences like solitary confinement may have a profound effect on their chance to rehabilitate and grow, the groups found. Solitary confinement can exacerbate short- and long-term mental health problems or make it more likely that such problems will develop. Young people in solitary confinement are routinely denied access to treatment, services, and programming required to meet their medical, psychological, developmental, social, and rehabilitative needs.
Below is a video with interviews of youth who experienced solitary confinement:
It would serve us all well in the U.S. if we began to greet each other with “Kasserian Ingera.” Perhaps this would be a reminder to us not to torture our children…
Today, I am going to try something different. I want to share audio of the poem “Chicago (Keef)” by the terrific Kevin Coval. This is a poem from his new book “More Shit Chief Keef Don't Like.” You can watch Kevin speak about his book, Chief Keef and violence in Chicago here.
A young man who she works with was standing in front of a judge and was offered a plea deal. He was told that he had to decide on the spot whether he would accept it. She needed to know if the deal was a “good” one. She called me.
I am not a lawyer but I have had a lot of experience being inside courtrooms. The young man was facing several felony battery charges against three police officers. He claims that he was harassed and then beaten by the cops. The officers were apparently looking for a robbery suspect, came across him, and promptly began to get rough with him. It was a case of mistaken identity and he fought back. The court case has dragged on for almost a year.
The prosecutors are now offering to decrease the charges to one misdemeanor count of battery of a law enforcement officer. If he agrees to the plea, he would not be able to expunge or seal this conviction. He currently has no criminal record and is in his early 20s.
I called some lawyer friends of mine immediately. They suggested that the deal sounded like a “good” one for the young man. One lawyer friend suggested that the state likely did not have a strong case which was why it was offering this deal. This of course gives one pause.
The judge continued the case to early November so the young man now has some time to consider the offer. He wants to take his case to trial rather than to take the plea because he is innocent.
All of us are worried. We don’t want him to plead to something that he did not do. However, those of us with experience in the criminal legal system know that a he said/he said between a young black man and three cops is unlikely to end well for the young person.
If he goes to trial and is found guilty of just one of the felony battery counts then he will get prison time. If he takes the plea deal, then it is likely probation. The stakes are high.
For months, I have had Khalil Gibran Muhammad’s “The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America” on a bookshelf. I was looking forward to reading it but have been distracted by other books. I finally finished the book over this weekend.
In the introduction, Gibran (2010) explains that the book is a “biography of the idea of black criminality in the making of modern urban America (p.1).” A central premise of the book is that white reformers used crime statistics to explain and humanize white immigrants in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In contrast, crime statistics were used to reinforce and “condemn” the idea of black criminality. This data was offered as proof of black inferiority and therefore to justify further criminalization. This was in stark contrast to how white progressives in the early 20th century used crime data related to white immigrants. That information was marshaled to call for more resources to help better assimilate these newcomers into American society. Muhammad (2010) writes:
“For these reformers, immigrants’ humanity trumped the scale of their crimes and the cultural expressions of their social resistance.By contrast, African American crime to many white race-relations experts stood as an almost singular reflection of black culture and humanity (p.274).”
Gibran traces the publication of the 1890 census as a key moment when “prison statistics for the first time became the basis of a national discussion about blacks as a distinct and dangerous criminal population (p.3).”
In light of the fact that I have been immersed in examining the social construction of black criminality over the past few months, this book is timely and extremely relevant. Part of what I wanted to do with the Black/Inside exhibition was to make this process of the social construction of black criminality more visible. I think that we were partly successful in achieving that goal.
Here’s Gibran talking about himself and his book with Bill Moyers:
So yesterday was a terrific night. Well over 90 people attended the opening reception for our Black/Inside: A History of Captivity & Confinement exhibition. It really was a great turnout. If you are in the Chicago area this Saturday, I will be at the exhibition giving tours from 1 to 4 p.m. There will be a tour each hour. You are invited to visit.
For those who can’t make it to Chicago over the next month, below are some great photos taken by my friend Sarah Jane Rhee (who is an amazing photographer) at the opening. In addition, my friend Jake will have some video which I will post at the Black/Inside website soon.
Finally, tonight is the reception to celebrate the opening of the Black/Inside: A History of Captivity & Confinement exhibition. I can hardly believe it. We have worked really hard to make this a reality. My thanks to my co-collaborators Teresa and Billy. Also, my deepest appreciation to everyone who helped to make this exhibition happen. I am exhausted and will be taking a break from blogging (for the most part) this week.
Here is one of the exhibition panels that you can expect to see.
Black/Inside Exhibition Panel (10/20/12)
Below is a list of events associated with the exhibition. If you are in Chicago, please make sure to join us.
we sit together, you and i,
bound by our mutual suffering
at the hands of our keepers
we make jokes that force
our minds to leave here
and follow the hard path of laughter
we laugh at our condition
both the physical and the mental.
tears are pushed forward
by the onslaught of anger
we strike out at each other
hard furious blows that bruise
and sometimes draw blood
then we fall sobbing into
the arms of each other
the tender hands of each
ministering to the wounds of the other
such gentleness, such hate, such love
we feel one for the other
locked together, bound together
in this small hated space.
I first wrote about Laura Scott on this blog back in January. I had no idea where her story would take me at the time. Well today, 9 months later, I have given birth to a publication that tells a necessarily incomplete story of her life. It is necessarily incomplete because after so many years it is difficult to reconstruct the life story of a basically unknown black woman prisoner of the early 20th century.
My journey to learn more about Laura which I have cataloged through this blog has led me to her prison records, census records, court records, old newspapers, and more. I had a lot of help along the way from archivists, librarians, and others who helped lead me down a path towards discovering more about this incredible 19th century black woman.
You can download the new publication here. If you are in Chicago anytime between October 23 and November 21, I invite you to stop by Black/Inside to see Laura’s part of the exhibition and also to pick up a hard copy of the new publication. For those who cannot stop by, I hope that you will download the publication to learn more about this most interesting woman.
Finally, I want to thank some of the readers of this blog for your interest in Laura and for your encouraging words to me. When I faced some dead-ends and became frustrated, I would remember that a few of you had reached out to tell me how interesting Laura was. This would keep me motivated to move ahead. So once again, I want to thank you for reading about Laura and caring about her life.